2017年12月9日 星期六

Note for Yocto Project Reference Manual v2.4 - ch8.141 update-alternatives.bbclass


當有多個recipes提供相同的命令時, update-alternatives.bbclass可以幫你做替代("alternative"), 例如,可以從busybox,binutils和elfutils中使用ar命令。 update-alternatives.bbclass會幫你重新命名,以便安裝多個package而不會發生衝突。無論安裝或隨後刪除哪些package,ar命令仍然有效。
要使用update-alternatives.bbclass,你需要為這個package定義一些變量:
ALTERNATIVE_ = "name1 name2 name3 ..."
列出所有這個package的alternatives指令

設定name這個命令的link的路徑
ALTERNATIVE_LINK_NAME[name] = "target"

設定該package的預設priority,數值越大,priority越高
ALTERNATIVE_PRIORITY

針對特定命令另外設定priority,數值越大,priority越高
ALTERNATIVE_PRIORITY[name] = "20"


範例

brook這個package的檔案結構
brook@vista:~/oe-core/meta/recipes-devtools/brook$ tree
.
|-- brook-1.0.0
|   |-- brookbox
|   |-- copyright
|   `-- insmod
`-- brook_1.0.0.bb

1 directory, 4 files
brookbox類似busybox,後面會有多個檔案link到該檔案,而insmod是一個獨立檔案

brook_1.0.0.bb
SUMMARY = "Brook demo update-alternatives"
DESCRIPTION = "This package is used for Brook to demo update-alternatives"
LICENSE = "GPLv2+"
LIC_FILES_CHKSUM = "file://${WORKDIR}/copyright;md5=afcc69d729fbf1d0a2af28ce44a23991 \
"
SRC_URI = "file://insmod \
        file://copyright \
        file://brookbox \
"
inherit update-alternatives

ALTERNATIVE_${PN} = "insmod route reboot shutdown poweroff"
ALTERNATIVE_PRIORITY = "100"

ALTERNATIVE_LINK_NAME[insmod] = "${base_sbindir}/insmod"
ALTERNATIVE_PRIORITY[insmod] = "50"

ALTERNATIVE_LINK_NAME[route] = "${base_sbindir}/route"
ALTERNATIVE_PRIORITY[route] = "50"

ALTERNATIVE_LINK_NAME[reboot] = "${base_sbindir}/reboot"

ALTERNATIVE_LINK_NAME[shutdown] = "${base_sbindir}/shutdown"
ALTERNATIVE_PRIORITY[shutdown] = "10"

ALTERNATIVE_LINK_NAME[poweroff] = "${base_sbindir}/poweroff"
ALTERNATIVE_PRIORITY[poweroff] = "500"

do_install () {
        install -d                              ${D}${base_sbindir}
        install -m 0755    ${WORKDIR}/insmod    ${D}${base_sbindir}/insmod
        install -m 0755    ${WORKDIR}/brookbox  ${D}${base_sbindir}/brook
        ln -s ${base_sbindir}/brook ${D}${base_sbindir}/route
        ln -s ${base_sbindir}/brook ${D}${base_sbindir}/reboot
        ln -s ${base_sbindir}/brook ${D}${base_sbindir}/shutdown
        ln -s ${base_sbindir}/brook ${D}${base_sbindir}/poweroff
}
sysvinit也同時註冊了reboot,shutdown與poweroff,其priority都是200,而這裡的priority分別為100,10,500,所以最後結果如下

brook@vista:~/oe-core/build/tmp-glibc/work/oe-linux-gnueabi/image/1.0-r0/rootfs$ ls -al sbin/|grep brook
-rwxr-xr-x  1 jenkins jenkins      6 Dec  9 22:17 brook
lrwxrwxrwx  1 jenkins jenkins     18 Dec  9 22:17 insmod -> /sbin/insmod.brook
-rwxr-xr-x  1 jenkins jenkins      6 Dec  9 22:17 insmod.brook
lrwxrwxrwx  1 jenkins jenkins     20 Dec  9 22:17 poweroff -> /sbin/poweroff.brook
lrwxrwxrwx  1 jenkins jenkins     11 Dec  9 22:17 poweroff.brook -> /sbin/brook
lrwxrwxrwx  1 jenkins jenkins     11 Dec  9 22:17 reboot.brook -> /sbin/brook
lrwxrwxrwx  1 jenkins jenkins     17 Dec  9 22:17 route -> /sbin/route.brook
lrwxrwxrwx  1 jenkins jenkins     11 Dec  9 22:17 route.brook -> /sbin/brook
lrwxrwxrwx  1 jenkins jenkins     11 Dec  9 22:17 shutdown.brook -> /sbin/brook

reboot與shutdown都小於sysvinit,所以不適用brook,poweroff高於sysvinit,所以使用brook這個package提供的命令





2017年11月25日 星期六

An Sample Code for Syslogd - A log pattern with categorize, level and format


寫程式常常需要有log system用於debug,大程式常常會有很多thread或是模組,我們想根據模組分類,並且給予log特定等級,如ERR/INFO/DEBUG等等,也會希望多打印一些資訊,如function name,TPID等等,這裡就是要提供這些功能的sample code,此外,根據syslog_r for Linux?說的According to the POSIX specification, the syslog function is already thread-safe, and so implemented in Linux. So syslog_r is unnecessary - use syslog if you need a reentrant logger function.

brook-log.h

#ifndef _LOG_H_
#define _LOG_H_
#include <syslog.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/syscall.h>

/*************************************************
 * TYPE
 *************************************************/
enum log_type {
/* 這裡我先設定有三個類別,分別為AT,CORE與DB,之後請自行新增刪減修改 */
       LOG_TYPE_AT,
       LOG_TYPE_CORE,
       LOG_TYPE_DB,
       LOG_TYPE_MAX
};

/***** internal function for MACRO used *****/
void _log_type_toggle(enum log_type type);
void _log_type_clr(enum log_type type);
void _log_type_set(enum log_type type);

/***** public function to enable/disable log on certain type *****/
#define log_type_toggle(type) _log_type_toggle(LOG_TYPE_##type)
#define log_type_clr(type) _log_type_clr(LOG_TYPE_##type)
#define log_type_set(type) _log_type_set(LOG_TYPE_##type)

char *get_log_type_status(void);


/*************************************************
 * Format
 *************************************************/
enum log_fmt {
 LOG_FMT_FUNC_AND_LINE,
 LOG_FMT_TID, ///< thread ID.
 LOG_FMT_LOG_TYPE,
 LOG_FMT_LOG_LEVEL,
 LOG_FMT_MAX,
};

/***** internal function for MACRO used *****/
void _log_fmt_toggle(enum log_fmt fmt);
void _log_fmt_set(enum log_fmt fmt);
void _log_fmt_clr(enum log_fmt fmt);
int _log_fmt_is_set(enum log_fmt fmt);

/***** public function to enable/disable certain format type *****/
#define log_fmt_toggle(fmt) _log_fmt_toggle(LOG_FMT_##fmt)
#define log_fmt_set(fmt) _log_fmt_set(LOG_FMT_##fmt)
#define log_fmt_clr(fmt) _log_fmt_clr(LOG_FMT_##fmt)
#define log_fmt_is_set(fmt) _log_fmt_is_set(LOG_FMT_##fmt)


/*************************************************
 * Level
 *************************************************/
/***** internal function for MACRO used *****/
int _log_type_level_is(enum log_type type, int *level);
int _log_type_level_set(enum log_type type, int level);

/***** public function to set debug level. the level is leveraged from syslog *****/
#define log_type_level_is(type, level) _log_type_level_is(LOG_TYPE_##type, level)
#define log_type_level_set(type, level) _log_type_level_set(LOG_TYPE_##type, LOG_##level)

void log_pr(enum log_type type, int level, char const * const fmt, ...);

#define _log_pr(type, level, fmt, ...)                 \
do {                                                    \
        unsigned char func[36] = {}, tid[16] = {}, tp[16] = {}, lv[16] = {};\
        if (log_fmt_is_set(FUNC_AND_LINE)) {    \
                snprintf(func, sizeof(func) - 1, "%s(#%d), ", __FUNCTION__, __LINE__);   \
        }                                               \
                                                        \
        if (log_fmt_is_set(TID)) {              \
                snprintf(tid, sizeof(tid) - 1, "TID:%ld, ", syscall(__NR_gettid));       \
        }                                               \
                                                        \
        if (log_fmt_is_set(LOG_TYPE)) {         \
                snprintf(tp, sizeof(tp) - 1, "%s, ", #type);     \
        }                                               \
        if (log_fmt_is_set(LOG_TYPE)) {         \
                snprintf(tp, sizeof(lv) - 1, "%s, ", #level);     \
        }                                               \
        log_pr(LOG_TYPE_##type, LOG_##level, "%s%s%s%s"fmt, func, tid, tp, lv, ##__VA_ARGS__);     \
} while(0)

/***** public function *****/
/* 請呼叫下面MACRO來印log */
#define pr_emerg(type, fmt, ...)  _log_pr(type, EMERG, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
#define pr_alert(type, fmt, ...)  _log_pr(type, ALERT, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
#define pr_crit(type, fmt, ...)   _log_pr(type, CRIT, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
#define pr_err(type, fmt, ...)    _log_pr(type, ERR, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
#define pr_warn(type, fmt, ...)   _log_pr(type, WARNING, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
#define pr_notice(type, fmt, ...) _log_pr(type, NOTICE, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
#define pr_info(type, fmt, ...)   _log_pr(type, INFO, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
#define pr_dbg(type, fmt, ...)    _log_pr(type, DEBUG, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)

#endif


brook-log.c

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <syslog.h>
#include "brook-log.h"

#define DEFAULT_LOG_TYPE ((1 << LOG_TYPE_AT) | \
   (1 << LOG_TYPE_CORE) | \
   (1 << LOG_TYPE_DB))

#define DEFAULT_LOG_FMT ((1 << LOG_FMT_FUNC_AND_LINE) | \
   (1 << LOG_FMT_TID) | \
   (1 << LOG_FMT_LOG_TYPE))

static unsigned int _log_types = DEFAULT_LOG_TYPE;
static unsigned int _log_fmts = DEFAULT_LOG_FMT;

#define DEFAULT_LOG_OPTION (LOG_CONS | LOG_NDELAY)
#define DEFAULT_LOG_FACILITY LOG_LOCAL0
#define DEFAULT_LOG_LEVEL LOG_INFO

char const * const level_str[] = {
 [LOG_EMERG] = "EMERG",
 [LOG_ALERT] = "ALERT",
 [LOG_CRIT] = "CRIT",
 [LOG_ERR] = "ERR",
 [LOG_WARNING] = "WARN",
 [LOG_NOTICE] = "NOTICE",
 [LOG_INFO] = "INFO",
 [LOG_DEBUG] = "DEBUG",
};

char const * const level_fmt_str[] = {
 [LOG_FMT_FUNC_AND_LINE] = "FUNC_AND_LINE",
 [LOG_FMT_TID] = "TID",
 [LOG_FMT_LOG_TYPE] = "LOG_TYPE",
};

#define AR_SZ(a) (sizeof(a)/sizeof(a[0]))

#define BIT_SET(_v, _b) \
do {   \
 (_v) |= (1 << (_b));\
} while(0)

#define BIT_CLR(_v, _b) \
do {   \
 (_v) &= ~(1 << (_b));\
} while(0)

#define BIT_TOGGLE(_v, _b)  \
do {    \
 (_v) ^= (1 <<(_b)); \
} while(0)

int _log_fmt_is_set(enum log_fmt fmt)
{
 if (_log_fmts & (1 << fmt)) {
  return 1;
 }
 return 0;
}

void _log_fmt_set(enum log_fmt fmt)
{
 BIT_SET(_log_fmts, fmt);
}

void _log_fmt_clr(enum log_fmt fmt)
{
 BIT_CLR(_log_fmts, fmt);
}

void _log_fmt_toggle(enum log_fmt fmt)
{
 BIT_TOGGLE(_log_fmts, fmt);
}

struct log_type_str_and_level {
 char const * const name;
 int level;
} log_type_str_and_level [] = {
/* TYPE有增減,請更新這個ARRAY */
 [LOG_TYPE_AT] = { "AT", DEFAULT_LOG_LEVEL},
 [LOG_TYPE_CORE] = { "CORE", DEFAULT_LOG_LEVEL},
 [LOG_TYPE_DB] = { "DB", DEFAULT_LOG_LEVEL},
 [LOG_TYPE_MAX] = { "MAX", DEFAULT_LOG_LEVEL},
};

int _log_type_level_is(enum log_type type, int *level)
{
 if (type >= 0 && type < AR_SZ(log_type_str_and_level)) {
  *level = log_type_str_and_level[type].level;
  return 0;
 }
 return -1;
}

int _log_type_level_set(enum log_type type, int level)
{
 if (type >= 0 && type < AR_SZ(log_type_str_and_level) && level >= 0 && level <= LOG_DEBUG) {
  log_type_str_and_level[type].level = level;
  return 0;
 }
 return -1;
}

int log_type_is_set(enum log_type type)
{
 if (_log_types & (1 << type)) {
  return 1;
 }
 return 0;
}

void _log_type_set(enum log_type type)
{
 BIT_SET(_log_types, type);
}

void _log_type_clr(enum log_type type)
{
 BIT_CLR(_log_types, type);
}

void _log_type_toggle(enum log_type type)
{
 BIT_TOGGLE(_log_types, type);
}

void log_pr(enum log_type type, int level, char const * const fmt, ...)
{
 va_list ap;
 if ((_log_types & (1 << type)) && (log_type_str_and_level[type].level >= level)) {
  va_start(ap, fmt);
  vsyslog(LOG_MAKEPRI(LOG_LOCAL0, level), fmt, ap);
  va_end(ap);
 }
}

char *get_log_type_status_str(void)
{
 int i = 0, re_sz;
 static char buf[1024], *p;

 p = buf;
 re_sz = sizeof(buf);
 p += snprintf(p, re_sz, "%2s %-16s %-10s %-12s\r\n", "id", "type", "status", "level");

 for (i = 0; i < AR_SZ(log_type_str_and_level); i++) {
  re_sz = sizeof(buf) - (p - buf);
  if (re_sz < 1) {
   break;
  }
  p += snprintf(p, re_sz, "%2d %-16s %-10s %-12s\r\n", i, log_type_str_and_level[i].name,
   log_type_is_set((enum log_type)i) ? "enabled" : "disabled",
   level_str[log_type_str_and_level[i].level]);
 }
 return buf;
}

char *get_log_fmt_status_str(void)
{
 int i = 0, re_sz;
 static char buf[256], *p;

 p = buf;
 re_sz = sizeof(buf);
 p += snprintf(p, re_sz, "%2s %-16s %-12s\r\n", "id", "fmt", "status");

 for (i = 0; i < AR_SZ(level_fmt_str); i++) {
  re_sz = sizeof(buf) - (p - buf);
  if (re_sz < 1) {
   break;
  }
  p += snprintf(p, re_sz, "%2d %-16s %-12s\r\n", i, level_fmt_str[i],
   _log_fmt_is_set((enum log_fmt)i) ? "enabled" : "disabled");
 }
 return buf;
}

void init_brook_log(void)
{
 openlog(NULL, DEFAULT_LOG_OPTION, DEFAULT_LOG_FACILITY);
}

void exit_brook_log(void)
{
 closelog();
}

void init_brook_log() __attribute__ ((constructor (101)));
void exit_brook_log() __attribute__ ((destructor (101)));



main.c

#include <stdio.h>
#include "brook-log.h"

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
 pr_info(AT, "AT=%d", 0);

 log_type_clr(AT);
 pr_info(AT, "AT=%d", 1);

 log_type_set(AT);
 pr_info(AT, "AT=%d", 2);


 log_fmt_toggle(FUNC_AND_LINE);
 pr_info(AT, "AT=%d", 3);

 log_fmt_clr(TID);
 pr_info(AT, "AT=%d", 4);

 log_type_level_set(AT, ERR);
 pr_info(AT, "AT=%d", 5);

 return 0;
}

結果

brook@vista:~/sample/syslog$ gcc main.c brook-log.c -o brook-log
brook@vista:~/sample/syslog$ brook-log
brook@vista:~/sample/syslog$ tail /var/log/local.log
Nov 26 09:51:26 vista brook-log: main(#6), TID:21765, INFO, AT=0
Nov 26 09:51:26 vista brook-log: main(#12), TID:21765, INFO, AT=2
Nov 26 09:51:26 vista brook-log: TID:21765, INFO, AT=3
Nov 26 09:51:26 vista brook-log: INFO, AT=4




MQTT sample code using libmosquitto


Sample code for publisher

#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <mosquitto.h>

// Server connection parameters
#define MQTT_HOSTNAME "localhost"
#define MQTT_PORT 1883
#define MQTT_TOPIC "/brook"

struct brook_obj {
 unsigned long long published;
 unsigned long long connected;
 unsigned long long disconnected;
 unsigned long long loged;
};

/*
 mosq the mosquitto instance making the callback.
 obj the user data provided in mosquitto_new
 rc the return code of the connection response, one of:
*/
static void connect_cb(struct mosquitto *mosq, void *obj, int rc)
{
 struct brook_obj *bobj = (struct brook_obj*) obj;
 bobj->connected++;
        printf("%s(), connect:%llu, published:%llu, loged:%llu, rc:%d\n",
  __FUNCTION__, bobj->connected, bobj->published, bobj->loged, rc);
}

static void publish_cb(struct mosquitto *mosq, void *obj, int mid)
{
 struct brook_obj *bobj = (struct brook_obj*) obj;
 bobj->published++;
        printf("%s(), connect:%llu, published:%llu, loged:%llu, mid:%d\n",
  __FUNCTION__, bobj->connected, bobj->published, bobj->loged, mid);
}

static void log_cb(struct mosquitto *mosq, void *obj, int level, const char *str)
{
 struct brook_obj *bobj = (struct brook_obj*) obj;
 bobj->loged++;
        printf("%s(), connect:%llu, published:%llu, loged:%llu, level:%d,\n\tstr:%s\n",
  __FUNCTION__, bobj->connected, bobj->published, bobj->loged, level, str);
}

static void disconnect_cb(struct mosquitto *mosq, void *obj, int rc)
{
 struct brook_obj *bobj = (struct brook_obj*) obj;
 bobj->disconnected++;
        printf("%s(), connect:%llu, published:%llu, loged:%llu, disconnected:%llu\n",
  __FUNCTION__, bobj->connected, bobj->published, bobj->loged, bobj->disconnected);
}

/*
 * Start here
 */
int main (int argc, char **argv)
{
 char clientid[24], text[20];
 struct mosquitto *mosq = NULL;
 unsigned long long i;
 int rc, major, minor, rev;
 struct brook_obj brook_obj = {};

 /* Must be called before any other mosquitto functions.
    This function is not thread safe. */
  mosquitto_lib_init();

  rc = mosquitto_lib_version(&major, &minor, &rev);
  fprintf(stdout, "rc:%d, major:%d, minor:%d, rev:%d\n",
  rc, major, minor, rev);

  memset(clientid, 0, sizeof(clientid));
  snprintf(clientid, sizeof(clientid) - 1, "cid-pub-%d", getpid());
  mosq = mosquitto_new(clientid, true, &brook_obj);
 if (!mosq) {
  fprintf (stderr, "new mosq failed \n");
  exit(-1);
 }

  rc = mosquitto_tls_opts_set(mosq, 1, "tlsv1", NULL);
 if (rc) {
  fprintf (stderr, "set tls failed %d\n", rc);
  exit (-1);
 }

  rc = mosquitto_tls_set(mosq, "ca/client/ca.crt", NULL, "ca/client/client.crt", "ca/client/client.key", NULL);
  if (rc) {
  fprintf (stderr, "set tls failed %d\n", rc);
  exit (-1);
  }

   rc = mosquitto_tls_insecure_set(mosq, true);
  if (rc) {
  fprintf (stderr, "set insecure failed %d\n", rc);
  exit (-1);
  }

 // Set callback function
  mosquitto_connect_callback_set(mosq, connect_cb);
  mosquitto_publish_callback_set(mosq, publish_cb);
  mosquitto_log_callback_set(mosq, log_cb);
  mosquitto_disconnect_callback_set(mosq, disconnect_cb);

  rc = mosquitto_connect(mosq, MQTT_HOSTNAME, MQTT_PORT, 60);
  if (rc) {
   fprintf (stderr, "Can't connect to Mosquitto server. %d\n", rc);
   exit (-1);
  }

  for (i = 0; i < 10 ;i++) {
   sprintf(text, "%llu", i);
   printf("send %d, %s\n", (int)strlen(text), text);
   // Publish the message to the topic
  rc = mosquitto_publish(mosq, NULL, MQTT_TOPIC, strlen(text), text, 2, false);
  if (rc) {
   fprintf (stderr, "Can't publish to Mosquitto server\n");
   exit (-1);
  }
  if (!(i % 3)) {
   do {
    rc = mosquitto_loop(mosq, 3, 1);
    fprintf (stdout, "mosquitto_loop %d, published:%llu, i:%llu\n",
      rc, brook_obj.published, i);
   } while(rc == 0 && brook_obj.published < i);
  }
 }

 do {
  rc = mosquitto_loop(mosq, 3, 1);
  fprintf (stdout, "mosquitto_loop %d, published:%llu, i:%llu\n",
    rc, brook_obj.published, i);
 } while(rc == 0 && brook_obj.published != i);

 // Tidy up
 mosquitto_disconnect(mosq);
 mosquitto_destroy(mosq);
 mosquitto_lib_cleanup();

 return 0;
}



Sample code subscriber

#include <signal.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <string.h>

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <unistd.h>

#include <mosquitto.h>

#define MQTT_HOSTNAME "localhost" 
#define MQTT_PORT 1883 
#define MQTT_TOPIC "/brook/#"

struct brook_obj {
 unsigned long long msgs;
 unsigned long long connected;
 unsigned long long disconnected;
 unsigned long long loged;
 unsigned long long subscribed;
 unsigned long long unsubscribed;
};

/*
 mosq the mosquitto instance making the callback.
 obj the user data provided in mosquitto_new
 rc the return code of the connection response, one of:
*/
static void connect_cb(struct mosquitto *mosq, void *obj, int rc)
{
 struct brook_obj *bobj = (struct brook_obj*) obj;
 bobj->connected++;
 printf("%s(), connect:%llu, msgs:%llu, loged:%llu, rc:%d\n",
  __FUNCTION__, bobj->connected, bobj->msgs, bobj->loged, rc);
}

static void log_cb(struct mosquitto *mosq, void *obj, int level, const char *str)
{
 struct brook_obj *bobj = (struct brook_obj*) obj;
 bobj->loged++;
 printf("%s(), connect:%llu, msgs:%llu, loged:%llu, level:%d,\n\tstr:%s\n",
  __FUNCTION__, bobj->connected, bobj->msgs, bobj->loged, level, str);
}

static void disconnect_cb(struct mosquitto *mosq, void *obj, int rc)
{
 struct brook_obj *bobj = (struct brook_obj*) obj;
 bobj->disconnected++;
 printf("%s(), connect:%llu, msgs:%llu, loged:%llu, disconnected:%llu\n",
  __FUNCTION__, bobj->connected, bobj->msgs, bobj->loged, bobj->disconnected);
}

static void message_cb(struct mosquitto *mosq, void *obj, const struct mosquitto_message *message)
{
 struct brook_obj *bobj = (struct brook_obj*) obj;
 bobj->msgs++;
 bool match = 0;
 static unsigned long long i = 0, j = 0;

 printf("%s(), connect:%llu, msgs:%llu, loged:%llu, disconnected:%llu\n",
  __FUNCTION__, bobj->connected, bobj->msgs, bobj->loged, bobj->disconnected);
 printf("%s(), got message mid:%d, '%.*s' for topic '%s'\n",
  __FUNCTION__, message->mid, message->payloadlen, (char*) message->payload, message->topic);

 mosquitto_topic_matches_sub(MQTT_TOPIC, message->topic, &match);
 if (match) {
  printf("got matched topic to %s\n", MQTT_TOPIC);
 }
}

static void unsubscribe_cb(struct mosquitto *mosq, void *obj, int mid)
{
 struct brook_obj *bobj = (struct brook_obj*) obj;
 bobj->unsubscribed++;
 printf("%s(), connect:%llu, msgs:%llu, loged:%llu, disconnected:%llu, unsubscribed:%llu\n",
  __FUNCTION__, bobj->connected, bobj->msgs, bobj->loged, bobj->disconnected,
  bobj->unsubscribed);
}

static void subscribe_cb(struct mosquitto *mosq, void *obj, int mid, int qos_count, const int *granted_qos)
{
 int i;
 struct brook_obj *bobj = (struct brook_obj*) obj;
 bobj->subscribed++;
 printf("%s(), mid:%d, qos_count:%d\n",
  __FUNCTION__, mid, qos_count);
 for (i = 0; i < qos_count; i++) {
  printf("\tQ[%d]:%d\n", i, granted_qos[i]);
 }
 printf("%s(), connect:%llu, msgs:%llu, loged:%llu, disconnected:%llu, subscribed:%llu\n",
  __FUNCTION__, bobj->connected, bobj->msgs, bobj->loged, bobj->disconnected,
  bobj->subscribed);
}

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
 char clientid[24];
 struct mosquitto *mosq;
 int rc = 0;
 struct brook_obj brook_obj = {};

 mosquitto_lib_init();

 memset(clientid, 0, sizeof(clientid));
 snprintf(clientid, sizeof(clientid) - 1, "cid-sub-%d", getpid());
 mosq = mosquitto_new(clientid, true, &brook_obj);
 if (!mosq) {
  fprintf (stderr, "new mosq failed\n");
  exit(-1);
 }

 rc = mosquitto_tls_opts_set(mosq, 1, "tlsv1", NULL);
 if (rc) {
  fprintf (stderr, "set tls opt failed %d\n", rc);
  exit(-1);
 }

 rc = mosquitto_tls_insecure_set(mosq, true);
 if (rc) {
  fprintf (stderr, "set insecure failed %d\n", rc);
  exit(-1);
 }

 rc = mosquitto_tls_set(mosq, "ca/client/ca.crt", NULL, "ca/client/client.crt", "ca/client/client.key", NULL);
 if (rc) {
  fprintf (stderr, "set tls failed %d\n", rc);
  exit(-1);
 }

 mosquitto_connect_callback_set(mosq, connect_cb);
 mosquitto_log_callback_set(mosq, log_cb);
 mosquitto_subscribe_callback_set(mosq, subscribe_cb);
 mosquitto_unsubscribe_callback_set(mosq, unsubscribe_cb);
 mosquitto_message_callback_set(mosq, message_cb);
 mosquitto_disconnect_callback_set(mosq, disconnect_cb);

 rc = mosquitto_connect(mosq, MQTT_HOSTNAME, MQTT_PORT, 60);
 if (rc) {
  fprintf(stderr, "mosquitto_connect failed. %d\n", rc);
  exit(-1);
 }

 mosquitto_subscribe(mosq, NULL, MQTT_TOPIC, 1);

 do {
  rc = mosquitto_loop(mosq, 3000, 1);
  fprintf(stdout, "mosquitto_loop %d, msgs%llu\n",
   rc, brook_obj.msgs);
 } while(rc == 0 && brook_obj.msgs < 5);

 mosquitto_disconnect(mosq);
 mosquitto_destroy(mosq);
 mosquitto_lib_cleanup();

 return rc;
}